Saturday, May 31, 2014

CEEMAN Case Evaluation Checklist

The following checklist is drawn from the evaluation criteria used by the CEEMAN Case Writing Competition Judges. We encourage case writers to use these criteria as quality assurance measures in the preparation of their case.

Case Narrative

  • Name, position, company of case protagonist is clearly identified in opening paragraph
  • Issue(s) or decision(s) is/are clearly defined in opening paragraph
  • Action trigger is clearly stated in opening paragraph
  • Company history/background is precisely tailored to case focus
  • Case narrative clearly supports the issue(s)/decision(s) that is/are at the heart of the case
  • Case is written entirely in past tense
  • Case events presented in clear, logical chronology
  • Quotes from case personalities increase reader interest in case
  • All secondary information is accurately identified and correctly cited
  • All case exhibits, figures and tables are clearly, accurately labeled
  • All case exhibits, figures and tables are sequentially labeled
  • Tone of case is neutral, devoid of any case writer bias/personal judgment
  • Case issues/decisions are significant and compelling
  • Case issues/decisions demand sustained critical thinking
  • As appropriate, case narrative clearly invites readers to move from techniques and concepts to theories
  • Case issues/decisions lead to lively class discussions
  • Case is a realistic platform for generating multiple alternatives about which reasonable managers can disagree
  • Data and exhibits are complete enough/sufficient enough for students to conduct required analyses
  • Overall, case provides readers with an interesting, engaging voyage of discovery
  • Case length is matched with case difficulty

Teaching Note

  • Teaching note begins with short, accurate case synopsis
  • Teaching note includes a minimum of three, clear learning objectives
  • Teaching note identifies the level of case difficulty
  • Teaching note states the course(s) in which the case can be used
  • Teaching note has a minimum of three meaningful case discussion questions
  • Teaching note provides complete answers/responses to each case discussion question
  • Teaching note includes worksheets and data analyses for all required quantitative reasoning questions
  • Teaching note clearly identifies the relevant theory supporting the case’s central issue(s)/decision(s)
  • Where alternative opinions/approaches are possible, teaching note acknowledges and discusses these
  • Teaching note has evidence that both the case narrative and case discussion questions have been class tested

Friday, May 30, 2014


akak akan boh banyak notes dalam blog nih
dah jadik blog ilmiah plak la ye?

sebenar nya utk senang kan diri sendiri
so akak boleh la baca notes memana je
guna smartphone je kan
tabah ye uols..
sekarang cerita study je yang mampu

Thursday, May 29, 2014

Case Discussion Framework

1.  Identify key issues or problems.
  • Involve evaluation of the company, industry and country
  • Identify the degree of the issue/problem (primary? secondary? immediate?)
2.  Identify key decisions to make
3.  Generate alternatives.
4.  Identify and forecast critical factors and stakeholders involved.
5.  Evaluate alternatives (relationship).
6.  Choose the best alternatives.
7.  Formulate implementation / action plan (strategies and tactics)
8.  Identify potential problems and contingency plans.


1.  identify issue/problem
2.  key decisions
3.  alternatives
4.  action plan
5.  problem / contingency plan

Wednesday, May 28, 2014

10 Common Reasons Most People Fail..

akak nak boh nasihat2 plak dalam blog ni
tak tau nak boh apa dah
belasah je la ye apa akak nak boh

mari kita bincang kan ..

10 Common Reasons Most People Fail

1. They don’t look before they leap.
keje2 spontan ni memang baguih, cuma kena plan elok2.  contoh nya kalau nak pi intibiu tu kan..  study la dulu bebanyak pasai company tu, pasai ethic masa intibiu, macam2 lah..

2. They don’t want it enough.
ni macam nak taknak je, kalau nak betol2 mesti workout to it.  alahhhh macam nak slim lahhh, agak2 dah 10 tahun tak slim2 tu, ko btol2 nak slim ke sebenar nya??  kik3 terkena akak deknonnn.

3. They don’t look for alternatives.
plan B kena ada gak deknon.  kot2 plan A idak menjadik kann.  contoh nak beli gelang emas sampai 40g, tapi duit tak cukup.  plan B nya?  beli la gelang 20g jek, yang cukup2 duit tu laaa..   tapi still ko dpt gelang mas gak kan??

point2 di bawah tak perlu penerangan la kan?
4. They give up.
5. They don’t have a goal.

6. They don’t seek advice from others.
7. They listen to too much advice.

point 6 n 7 nih related kan?
ye laa tak carik penasihat pun salah
terover dengar nasihat pun salah deknonnn
jadi pilih yang sedang2 aje ye??

juga point2 di bawah ni pun perlu untuk kita berjaya:

8. They have too many excuses.
10. They misjudge.

Tuesday, May 27, 2014

Basic Account: Chapter 3: Accounting Cycle.

The Accounting Concept

Accounting Period Concept:  When accountants prepare financial statements, they assume that the economic life of the business can be divided into the time periods.

Cash Basis:  Revenues and expenses are reported in the income statement in the period in which cash is received or paid.

Accrual Basis:  Revenues are reported in the income statement in the period in which they are earned.

Revenue Recognition Concept:  Revenues are reported when the services are provided to customer and cash may or may not be received.

Matching Concept :  The accounting concept that supports reporting revenues and related expenses.

Nature of Adjusting Process

Adjusting Entries:  The journal entries that bring the accounts up to date at the end of accounting period.  Adjusting entries will always involve a revenue or an expense account and an asset or liability account.

Prepaid Expenses:  Or deferred expenses, are items that have been initially recorded as assets but are expected to become expenses over time or through the normal operation of the business.

Unearned Revenue:  Or deferred revenues, are items that have been initially recorded as liabilities but are expected to become revenues over time or through the normal operations of the business.

Accrued Revenues:  Or accrued assets, are revenues that have been initially incurred but have not been recorded in the accounts.

Accrued Expenses:  Or accrued liabilities, are expenses that have been initially incurred but have not been recorded in the accounts.

Financial Statements

Income statement:  Is prepared directly from the adjusted trial balance.

Statement of Owner's Equity:  Is the balance of the owner's capital account.

Balance sheet:  Assets, liabilities and owner's equity are presented.

Assets:  Commonly divided into classes for presentation which are:
1.  current assets
2.  fixed assets.

Liabilities:  Two common classes of liabilities are:
1.  current liabilities
2.  long-term liabilities

Owners equity:  The owner's right to the assets of the business

Adjusting and Closing Entries

Real Accounts:  Relatively permanent, carried forward from year to year.

Temporary Accounts:  Or nominal accounts, accounts report amounts for only one period and not carried forward from year to year;  account incomes, account expenses and account withdrawals.

Closing Process:  Entries that transfer the balance of temporary accounts to the owner;s equity.

Monday, May 26, 2014

Basic Accounting: Chapter 2: Analyzing Transactions

Accounting transactions are recorded using an accounting system.

An accounting system is designed to show the increases and decreases in accounts in the financial statements.

5 major types of accounts in financial statements:

1. Assets
2. Liabilities
3. Owner's Equity

  • Capital
  • Drawing
4. Revenue
5. Expenses

The rules of debit and credit apply to these accounts:

Recording Process

1. Journal
  • Transaction takes place
  • Determine whether an asset, a liability, owner's equity, revenue, or expenses is affected by a transaction
  • Apply the rules of debit and credit
2. Ledger
  • Periodically, the journal entries are transferred to the accounts in the ledger
  • Ledger contains accounts that the company has; the list of accounts is normally known as chart of accounts.
3. Trial Balance
  • The trial balance is a list of account balances from the ledger 
  • At the end of each accounting period, company will prepare a trial balance.
  • The trial balance must balance, i.e. the total of the debit balances must equal to the total of credit balances.

Sunday, May 25, 2014

Basic Accounting: Chapter 1: Malaysian Accounting.

Types of Business

1. Manufacturing business: 
Changes raw materials (basic input) into finish goods that are sold to individual customers.

2. Merchandising business:
Purchases inventories from other businesses and resell these inventories to individual customers.

3.  Service business:
Provides services instead of products to customers.

Accounting Professional Bodies

FRF - Financial Reporting Foundation
Oversees MASB performance, financial and funding requirement and reviews proposed standard bu MASB.

MASB - Malaysian Accounting Standard Board
Adopt international accounting standards or develop new accounting standards for Malaysian companies.

MICPA - Malaysian Institution of Certified Public Accountant
To advance the theory and practice of accounting and to provide education, training and exam to accountants.

MIA - Malaysian Institute of Accountant
To develop, support and monitor quality and expertise consistent with global practice in accounting profession.

Accounting Information Users.

Internal users:
Managers, employees who use financial information to make decisions.

External users:
Creditors, bankers, investors, government agencies and the general public who use financial inforamtion to support their decisions.

Accounting Assumptions

1. Separate business entity:  Accounting only records economic events which are related directly to a particular business.

2.  Going concern:  The assumption that businesses shall continue its operation to the foreseeable future.

3.  Monetary unit:  Business should report all the economics events in a monetary unit.

4. Time period:  Business operation can be divided into specific period of time such as month, a quarter or a year.

Accounting Principles

1.  Historical cost principle:  Business should report its activities as their actual cost.

2.  Objectivity principle:  Accounting records and reports should be base on objective evidence.

3.  Revenue recognition principle:  Revenue should be recognized as soon as i is earned and not in the period in which the business receives the cash.

4.  Matching principle:  Report the expenses in the period of which the revenue is actually earned as a result of these expenses.

5.  Full disclosure principle:  Require businesses ti disclose sufficient information to the users.

Accounting Constraints

Conservatism:  A concept to guide accountants to choose between available options.  The selected option should minimize the possibility of overstating income or assets of the company.

Materiality:  Require businesses to account only for the items that are deemed significant for a given size of operation.

Accounting Equation

Asset = Liabilities + Owner Equity

Financial Statement Components

Income statement:  A summary of revenue and expenses for a specific period of time such as month or a year.

Statement of owners's equity:  A summary of the changes in the owner's equity as of a specific date.

Balance Sheet:  A list of assets, liabilities and owner's equity as of specific date, usually at the close of the last day of the month or a year.

Statement of cash flows:  A summary of the cash receipts and cash payments for a specific period of time, such as a month or a year.

Wednesday, May 21, 2014

SAP Material Master – A Practical Guide

Here is another book in my inbox..   
i put this in my blog for my easy reference in the future
so if you are interested, please feel free..


Learn from veteran SAP Materials Management (MM) expert Matt Johnson on the fundamentals of  SAP Material Master and valuable cost saving tips.  

  • Understand SAP Material Master concepts and how to tailor it to 
  • Receive tips and detailed expert guidance 
  • Maximize your value stream through SAP Materials Management (MM)
  • Walk through practical implementation examples 

Friday, May 16, 2014

reconciling CO-PA to the General Ledger?

New books in my mailbox..  is you all interested, do go below link!!


Does your company struggle with reconciling CO-PA to the General Ledger? 
Here are three considerations for addressing reconciliation issues:

  1. Why it matters if you are using costing-based or accounting-based CO-PA. 
  2. The role that transaction KEAT plays in showing the differences between FI, SD and CO-PA and what you need to watch out for.
  3. What to be aware of when it comes to the billing document check. Hint: it doesn’t ensure that the cost of sales value which is updated at different times in CO-PA and FI is consistent in both modules).
Interested in more considerations and a complete reconciliation solution? 
Read Reconciling SAP CO-PA to the General Ledger and learn how to effectively solve reconciliation issues between CO-PA 
and FI in SAP ERP so that you can have confidence in the information derived from CO-PA reports


Learn more

Author Paul Ovigele has worked as an ERP financials consultant since 1997 in both North America and Europe, specializing in implementing the Financial Accounting and Controlling modules and all integration areas forcompanies in various industries. He has spent countless hours investigating the issues that led to an imbalancebetween CO-PA and the general ledger and strategizing airtight processes to reconcile the two modules and set up procedures to make sure that any gaps are easily identified.

Thursday, May 15, 2014

lama tak hupdate ye..

lama dah akak tak hupdate blog ye
tapi banyak gak page view, semua gara2 SAP
ramai minat SAP ye
nanti akak post lagi banyak2 pasai SAP ye
tengok la cemana ek..

minggu ni keje shift malam
baru kul 1am nih, dah nantuk dahh
seb baik banyak keje n tiket hari ni
takde la nantuk sangat, lite2 je ok semua..

akak sambung keje2 dulu naaa